All meetings will continue to be held on Zoom for the time being.
Any member unsure about using Zoom should contact either:
MikexKingsford email@example.com, or
Margaret Rhodes firstname.lastname@example.org,
who will be only too glad to help.
Paolo, MD of Franchi Seeds (UK), Slow Food UK “Person of the Year 2019” and multiple RHS Medal winner, treated us to an enjoyable tour of Italy’s regional vegetable varieties with an insight into the seeds business.
If you could not make the meeting or if you want to recap anything, you can watch another airing of Paolo’s talk on YouTube by clicking here:
“Italy from Seed to Plate”
The coronavirus lockdown created a massive surge in home growing of vegetables, comparable with that of the two world wars. Many seeds ran out as demand reached unimaginable levels: seed just cannot be produced at short notice.
Most of the large seed sellers do not produce their own seed. Franchi does, and specialises in heritage seeds, including endangered varieties.
Will Italian seeds grow here?
Only half the seeds sold in the UK are produced here anyway, the rest grown in countries around the globe, the largest single supplier being China.
There are basically two Italies: the Mediterranean one most people immediately think of, and the Alpine one, which is by far the larger: the Alps and Dolomites across the north of the country and the Apennines stretching all the way down the centre.
Franchi is located in Bergamo at the foothills of the Alps.
The vegetables and varieties that Paolo covered can all be found in the
Franchi Seed Catalogue
Here are just some of his comments:
San Marzano: thin skinned and fleshy – used for tinning;
Principe Borghese: the variety used for sun-drying;
Cuor di Bue (Ox Heart): large, fleshy, from the region of Liguria.
Spinach – to avoid bolting, grow spinach in the spring, Swiss chard in the summer and spinach again in the autumn.
Lamb’s lettuce, also known as corn salad and mâche, is hardy and can be cropped throughout the year, just needing some protection (a layer of fleece)in the coldest weather.
Fennel: sow June/July/August for autumn harvest to avoid bolting.
Borlotti beans: grown for fully grown beans – more practical to preserve them by freezing rather than drying.
Courgette: pick the male flower in the morning (not the one on the end of the courgette) for cooking, either stuffed or just fried in a light tempura batter.
David was Head Gardener at Gilbert White’s house in Selbourne, where he spent well over 30 years. Initially he had been engaged as one man, two days a week, to cover 30 acres.
Subsequently David devoted a great deal of time and effort trying to develop the gardens into something that pioneering naturalist Gilbert White would have been growing in the eighteenth century.
Although there were no planting plans, David was able to track down numerous plants from references in Gilbert White’s writings. This was a very time consuming exercise before the advent of the internet
Even in the case of many plants that sound familiar, those that we grow today are more highly bred versions of the plants that Gilbert White would have known. Other plants have simply gone out of fashion, such as Kiss Me over the Garden Gate (Persicaria orientalis) and Jack-in-the-Green primulas. So even having identified the right plants, finding seed to grow them was often problematic. David recommended Chiltern Seeds as offering a wide range of difficult-to-find seeds.
David had also provided in advance a comprehensive plant list, which made his presentation easier to follow.
Recreating gardens that Gilbert White would have recognised was the work of many years. David took it in stages: annuals, then herbaceous perennials, then shrubs and also herbs, all very much on a trial & error basis. For instance, rosebay willowherb really thrived, but this prolific self-seeder threatened to take over and had to be removed, not without difficulty.
An excellent talk based on Trevor’s 13 years as Superintendent of the rock garden at RHS Wisley.
He showed some of its history and development, including views into the ingenious engineering literally hidden within, particularly the planning and execution of the new Japanese-inspired waterfall, a focal point of the rock garden.
Trevor’s engineering background were essential to this major project, which included building a new temporary road to bring a giant crane to the heart of the rock garden to put 3-4 tonne blocks of sandstone in position. He had managed to find these in Skelmersdale, to match the existing stone of the rock garden, as the original quarry in East Grinstead had long since closed.
His presentation covered not only the rock garden itself but the ponds and channels at its base, as well as the alpine houses, covering both display and propagation: deep sand plunge beds to provide the best environment for the alpines in their terracotta pots; external walls built of tufa to provide a natural setting for the plants.
Trevor had provided a plant list – a great help in following his descriptions of the plants and how to grow them.
He has a passion for cyclamen, for which he is international registrar; he subsequently provided his own extensive review of the species:
“Cyclamen, by Trevor Wiltshire”.
For those interested in taking this further he recommended
The Cyclamen Society
and also the website cyclamen.com
“Around the World in 74 Days”
Wednesday 14th April
Brian gave us a whistle-stop tour of the exotic plants and locations of numerous regions of the world. It was amazing that so many were included in one evening’s talk: Los Angeles and San Francisco, the Caribbean, Brazil, Hawaii, both islands of New Zealand, a tour of Australia, not to forget Brian’s personal favourite, the Cook Islands.
A relaxing view of the botanic delights of many far-flung places, all from the comfort of our own homes!
“New Plants – the Future for your Garden”
Wednesday 10th March
Since 2003 Graham has been working closely through his own company Plants for Europe with breeders & growers throughout Europe and beyond, basically taking new cultivars from breeding through plant variety rights and growing to market introduction.
His very clear presentation gave us an insight into the various stages of this process and the factors that influence them.
Where new plants come from
Graham used the examples of many plants introduced by Plants for Europe to illustrate these points.
List of plants
We’ll now be looking at new plants in garden centres in a different light.
Whilst Graham works with breeders from as far afield as the USA and Australia, it was remarkable to see how many successful breeders there are close to us in West Sussex.
“Alstroemeria & other UK Cut Flowers”
Wednesday 10th February
Ben is a fourth generation grower at Crosslands Nursery, Walberton and used Zoom to give his talk live from one of the glasshouses full of alstroemeria. As well as explaining the commercial production of alstroemeria, he gave a lot of useful advice for growing them in the garden – for details, see the notes.
Ben is very active in promoting British cut flowers; he gave us insights into the advantages for both the environment and flower quality, of locally grown flowers, compared with those imported from distant lands that have taken over the UK market.
Darren, with 20 years experience as professional gardener and topiarist, strongly believes that a garden should help the honeybee.
His talk centred around the plants that could be used to make the garden more attractive to bees. It was not only informative but, thanks to his engaging style, very enjoyable. He kept members on their toes by having them vote in several short quizzes linked to points he was making.
Click below for plants mentioned.
“Creating a Garden for every Season”
Wednesday 2nd December 2020 on Zoom
A good number of members joined this Zoom meeting to hear an excellent talk. Adam’s many years’ experience as a leading horticultural journalist, including 23 years editing BBC Gardeners’ World Magazine, shone through, not only in his wide ranging knowledge, but also in his well illustrated presentation.
He set out 10 points for achieving colour & interest throughout the year, with many examples of plants to use, and showed the effects as displayed in some renowned gardens.
He then introduced the concept of star plants for every month of the year, again with many examples.
A superb talk full of ideas worth following up.
Wednesday 28th July
7.30 pm on Zoom
Join us in this informal members’ meeting to discuss things horticultural, including the up-coming
Annual Flower Show
Details of how to join this meeting will be sent to all members a couple of days in advance.
Wednesday 23rd June
As usual, we started with photos from members’ gardens that set off a lot of discussion: (click any to enlarge)
Sweet peas: Mike Kingsford shared some photos of his sweet peas – Roger Parsons seed sown in Rootrainers in October and grown on in a quite harsh regime.
For intensity of fragrance he particularly recommended ‘Lady Nicholson’ and maroon / violet bicolour ‘Matucana’.
Allium christophii: often grown as a single “lollypop”, it looks really glorious in this mass of about 20 plants, self-seeded from the few bulbs that were planted here.
Erodium manescavii: flowers continuously from spring to frost – very easy to grow and propagate.
‘Kathleen Harrop’: introduced in 1919, a softer pink sport of Bourbon rose Zéphirine Drouin’, introduced some 50 years earlier; both share the same characteristics: thornless, very fragrant and repeat-flowering. Said to be more resistant to disease of planted out of full sun.
Cacti: Mike stimulated the orange one into flowering by drenching them with water when it was very dry.
Foxgloves:The second photo shows not only the bumblebee disappearing into the flower, but also, to the right of the foxglove, the yellow pendant flowers of Chilean box Vestia foetida. Usually hardy enough for our climate, this winter strong cold winds had killed of the top of the plant. However, the base of the plant survived, sending up these new branches.
Tomato:Mike showed his first ripe tomato of the season – ‘Red Alert’, a bush variety producing an abundance of cherry tomatoes, grown from seed sown at the beginning of January in a propagator by Frank Bartlett.
Oxalis: several members had were growing pink flowered varieties. However, a warning was given about Oxalis cornucalata – its pretty tiny bright yellow flowers set in purplish shamrock-shaped leaves belie its thuggish nature.
The continuation of Hortitalks was discussed. A July session would be useful, as there may be questions about the up-coming Annual Flower Show. There will be a break in August. Subsequent continuation will be assessed in the light of the developing situation.
Lesley confirmed that the Wisley visit (29 Sep) had been booked with the RHS. However, she was concerned that if social distancing were still to reduce the number of passengers on the coach, the increased price of tickets needed to break even might make it unworkable. It was suggested that members might be prepared to pay more in this situation, especially as entrance to the garden would be free. This will be kept under review.
Wednesday 26th May
Started with a wide range of photos from members’ gardens – here are some:
click on any to enlarge
They prompted a lot of discussion: plants flourishing in spite of April and May’s extreme weather, those struggling or lagging behind and those just going their own way. Several recognised the growing acceptance of self-seeders in their garden, especially at this time of year: hellebores, forget-me-nots (blue, white & pink) and “wild” flowers, such as buttercups and campions, red, white & bladder.
The new foliage of the Acer ‘Brilliantissimum‘ was quite striking: opening as a coppery pink, then turning gold, before turning towards green.
Wednesday 28th April
This informal Zoom meeting opened with photos from members’ gardens.
Click any photo to enlarge
Discussions covered many aspects of the garden, before focussing on the plight of Crocus tommasinianus. It is nigh impossible to source this delicate early crocus (rather than derivatives such as ‘Ruby Giant‘), as its propagation is too labour intensive to be commercially viable. However, one member offered bulbs and seeds that had built up in her garden, prompting a lot of interest.
Wednesday 24th March
Chairman, Mike Kingsford, presented the Spring Flower Competition results and also photos from members’ gardens, some of which are shown below. Click any to enlarge
As part of a was a wide-ranging discussion about the garden at the moment, most people agreed that it was a good year for camellias, as evidenced by several photos. An incidence of poor flowering in pots may have been due to them getting too dry last summer. The compost should be kept moist to avoid inhibiting bud development in late summer.
Wed 24th February on Zoom
There was a good attendance at the latest of our informal Zoom sessions for members to discuss anything about plants & garden.
Chairman, Mike Kingsfordconfirmed that the recently announced roadmap out of lockdown would rule out the annual plant sale planned for May. However, if it remains on course the Annual Flower Show could go ahead, and he encouraged everyone to start growing for it – the Schedule (for vegetables and flowers) will be the same as 2019.
Barring changes to the roadmap, the Buffet Supper in July should be possible.
Mike shared photos from several members’ gardens, including spring bulbs in bloom as well as various hellebores. Of particular note was Christmas box, Sarcococca, evergreen and covered at this time of year with very small, but extremely fragrant, white flowers.
This was followed by lively discussions on a wide range of topics: dividing perennials, pruning roses, sourcing biological pest controls and many more.
An interesting & enjoyable evening.
HortitalkWed 27th January on Zoom
It was good to meet up with other members again, albeit on Zoom, and to welcome new ones. We discussed a range of horticultural topics, many concerning the new sowing season that is getting underway.
As there is no prospect of any physical meeting in March or April, a proposal was made to hold a virtual Spring Flower Show on the website; members would send in photos of their entries – winners would be then decided by members’ votes. This was greeted with enthusiasm.
HortitalkWed 25th November 2019
Mike Kingsford started with a short Christmas quiz.
Everyone then joined in discussions, from dahlias to hibiscus and bluebells to wisteria.
At the end of this enjoyable session it was agreed that we should continue with more ‘Hortitalks’