Many plants will continue flowering well into the autumn if you keep deadheading them, to stop them diverting their resources into seed production.
Leave plants that produce ornamental seed heads, to add interest and structure to the garden in winter.
As autumn progresses let more plants go to seed to provide a source of food for birds in the winter.
Items outlined in brown are still relevant in November
Late September is a good time to divide tired looking clumps of alpines and herbaceous perennials, to reinvigorate them, and create more plants - they can get established before winter sets in. However, if the soil is too wet, this can be left until the spring.
Put the leaves into a basic pen made out of stakes and chicken wire, or just fill them into bin liners – make sure the leaves are moist and pierce some holes in the bin liners.
Using the mower to collect leaves will help them break down more quickly.
If you do not have a greenhouse, then use a light windowsill to grow them on.
Target vulnerable plants, such as fuchsias, succulents and containerised plants.
Wildlife in the garden
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