Many plants will continue flowering well into the autumn if you keep deadheading them, to stop them diverting their resources into seed production.
Leave plants that produce ornamental seed heads, to add interest and structure to the garden in winter.
As autumn progresses let more plants go to seed to provide a source of food for birds in the winter.
Late September is a good time to divide tired looking clumps of alpines and herbaceous perennials, to reinvigorate them, and create more plants – they can get established before winter sets in. However, if the soil is too wet, this can be left till spring.
With leaves starting to fall, it is very easy to turn them into very useful leafmould.
Put the leaves into a basic pen made out of stakes and chicken wire, or just fill them into bin liners – make sure the leaves are moist and pierce some holes in the bin liners.
Using the mower to collect leaves will help them break down more quickly.
A little deadheading, watering and feeding should also keep hanging baskets going until mid-autumn; then replant for winter/spring with spring bulbs, winter heathers, ivies and spring-flowering plants.
Remove greenhouse shading as temperatures and light levels fall. As the month progresses, water only early in the day, so the greenhouse is dry by evening. Dampness during cool nights promotes the development of grey mould (Botrytis).
Take cuttings of tender perennials such as Pelargonium, Osteospermum, Penstemon and Gaura.
These plants often do better grown from new cuttings each year.
If you do not have a greenhouse, then use a light windowsill to grow them on.
Biological controls against vine weevil can be applied – grubs will be starting to hatch, whilst soil and compost temperatures are now suitable for the nematodes to be effective.
Target vulnerable plants, such as fuchsias, succulents and containerised plants.
Move spring flowering biennials sown earlier in the year (e.g. wallflowers, foxgloves, honesty, sweet rocket), and primroses divided after flowering, to their final flowering positions, so they have time to get established before winter.
Wildlife in the garden
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